Oral cavity infections

Good oral hygiene is the cornerstone of preventing the occurrence of oral infections. Daily brushing of the teeth in the morning and evening for at least 3 minutes, the use of dental floss after meals and rinsing with oral solutions significantly prevent their appearance. In addition, it is important to visit the dentist every six months in order to carry out the necessary cleaning of the teeth and to prevent inflammation of the oral cavity.

Adopting a healthy lifestyle, with daily stress control and a balanced diet plays an equally important role. Adequate intake of foods rich in iron, B vitamins and vitamin C prevent the occurrence of oral infections by strengthening the immune system. The diet must be poor in carbohydrates such as glucose, sucrose and fructose, as they are the raw material used by microbes. By reducing the daily sweet snacks and above all by avoiding the consumption of soft drinks, we significantly reduce the sugars consumed.

A simple dietary habit, chewing a piece of gum after eating, also helps, as it increases the production of saliva, which has antimicrobial properties. The saliva secreted when we eat neutralizes the acids of the carbohydrates in the food, lowers the ph of the mouth and removes food residues. Diseases that reduce its production (dry mouth due to Sjogren’s syndrome, salivary stones) must be recognized early and treated effectively.

In elderly people who use dentures, it is important to clean the dentures daily and after each meal, as well as remove them when not in use.

To prevent mycosis in patients using respiratory sprays, it is necessary to rinse the mouth with water after using the medicine.

It is especially important that patients who have problems with their heart (valvular disease, heart failure, pacemaker) should receive prophylactic antibiotics before any dental work to minimize the risk of the infection spreading to the heart (endocarditis).

Angelos P. Karatzaferis, Specialist Pathologist/ Scientific Associate for the GET WELL Natural Corner service
Excellent Graduate of the School of Medicine of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Specialty in Internal Pathology at the Pathological Physiology Clinic of the University of Athens