Common Cold

Protection against the common cold is achieved by strengthening the good functioning of the immune system and by preventing the transmission of the virus from sick to healthy.

The good functioning of the immune system is achieved by resting, avoiding physical fatigue, combined with a balanced and complete diet. The diet should include plenty of fluids, fruits and fruit juices rich in vitamin C as well as an increased intake of plant fiber. Food supplements containing plant extracts (propolis, echinacea), vitamin C and trace elements (mainly zinc) help to further shield the body. Stress should be avoided as much as possible, as should smoking. To prevent the transmission of the virus, it is very important to observe personal hygiene measures. It is very important to wash your hands well and frequently with simple soap and water after every contact with patients or with potentially contaminated surfaces (handles, remote control, utensils). If these are not available, liquid hand sanitizers or the special disposable antiseptic wipes can be used. Patients should cover their mouth with a disposable tissue when sneezing or coughing and discard it immediately.

When healthy people need to come into contact with sick people in order to care for them, it is important to use a disposable mask and gloves. However, contact with patients should be avoided when it is not necessary, as well as areas where patients coexist with healthy people (workplaces, nurseries, schools) should be frequently ventilated.


Angelos P. Karatzaferis
Specialist Pathologist
Excellent Graduate of the School of Medicine of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Specialty in Internal Pathology at the Pathological Physiology Clinic of the University of Athens